# Beginning Word Problems

This section tests a learner in the following math strands (subjects or areas)

The learner will:

• Know how to add, subtract, multiply and divide from clues in word problems.
• Know how to work with whole numbers and fractions in life-like applications.
• Problem solve using percentages and ratios in life-like applications.
• Demonstrate and understand the concepts of number sense, place value and number relationships to compare, order, and determine equivalence of whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents and integers.
• Demonstrate the use of estimation skills in life-like situations.
• Demonstrate how to measure objects and interpret results from objects measured.
• Read, and interpret information from one and two-dimensional graphs such as tables, charts, maps, bar-graphs, and analyze data, patterns, trends to make predictions.
• Utilize basic concepts of probability and statistics.
• the presents of geometric and spatial relationships in life-like situations.

Use the formulas below to help you solve questions in the following section. To measure the area of a square, multiply the side “s” x the side “s.” To measure the area of a rectangle multiply the length (L) of one side by the width (W) of another. To measure the area of a triangle, multiply 1/2 x b x h. Using a calculator, enter “.5″ “x” “whatever base is” x “whatever height is.” To measure the area of a circle, multiply 3.14 (pi) x radius x radius. Using a calculator, enter “3.14″ “x” “whatever r is” x “whatever r is.” To measure the circumference of a circle (how far it is around the circle), multiply 2 x 3.14 (pi) x radius x radius or 3.14 x d (diameter). Using a calculator, enter “2″ x “3.14″ (pi) x “whatever r is.” Or enter “3.14″ x “whatever d is.” To measure the volume of a cube (how much space is inside the cube), multiply Length x Width x Height. Using a calculator, enter “whatever the length” x “whatever the width” x “whatever the height.” ### Directions:

• The following questions are multiple choice.
• Circle the best answer. There is only one correct answer.
• This test is not timed.
• The first 12 questions are estimation problems and DO NOT require a calculator.
• A calculator is not necessary but may be used on problems 13-end of test.

Sample Problem

Which of the following numbers is less than 15?

1. 13
2. 18
3. 21
4. 16

The correct answer is A. (13)